Part 40 Final Rule - DOT Summary of Changes
November 13, 2017, the Department of Transportation (DOT) published a final rule in the Federal Register (82 FR 52229).
The final rule is effective January 1, 2018.
What does this mean for employees?
You will also be tested for four semi-synthetic opioids (i.e., hydrocodone, oxycodone, hydromorphone, oxymorphone). Some common names for these semi-synthetic opioids include OxyContin®, Percodan®, Percocet®, Vicodin®, Lortab®, Norco®, Dilaudid®, Exalgo®. In addition, you will no longer be tested for MDEA.
What does this mean for urine collectors?
The shy bladder process has been modified so that the collector will discard any specimen provided during the collection event when the employee does not provide a sufficient specimen by the end of the three hour wait period.
What does this mean for laboratories?
As an HHS-certified laboratory you will:
Add four semi-synthetic opioids: hydrocodone, oxycodone, hydromorphone; oxymorphone to your DOT testing panel;
Add MDA as an initial test analyte;
Remove testing for MDEA;
Add three more fatal flaws to the list of reasons when a laboratory would report a ‘rejected for testing’ specimen; and
Need to modify the reports [in Appendix B & C] you provide to employers and the DOT.
What does this mean for Medical Review Officers (MRO)?
Several of your MRO drug test review processes have been modified. For example:
The term ‘prescription’ has been clarified;
You have authority to conduct D,L stereoisomer and THC-V testing; and
The timing when you communicate a significant safety risk has been modified.
What does this mean for alcohol technicians?
The list of NHTSA-approved Alcohol Screening Devices and Evidential Breath Testing Devices will appear on ODAPC’s website.
What does this mean for service agents?
Collectors, alcohol testing technicians, MROs, and Substance Abuse Professionals will be required to subscribe to ODAPC's list-serve at: https://www.transportation.gov/odapc/ListServe_Notices.
Unauthorized use of DOT-branded items (such as logos or emblems) on a service agent’s website, publications, etc., could be a basis for the DOT to initiate a Public Interest Exclusion proceeding.
What are some of the other changes to Part 40?
The DOT added a new section reiterating that, in the DOT testing program, only urine specimens can be collected and analyzed at HHS-certified laboratories.
The DOT added language further emphasizing the existing DOT prohibition on the use of DNA testing on DOT drug-testing specimens.
Where can I find a copy of the final rule?
You can view the final rule on ODAPC’s website www.transportation.gov/odapc/frpubs.
NOTE: This document informally summarizes some of the important effects of the rule, but it is not a substitute for the rule and should not be relied upon to determine legal compliance with the rule. ODAPC encourages affected entities, including employers and service agents, to review the final rule.